The life of reindeer herders in Mongolia

Whether in remote parts of Mongolia, the modern separation, the Dukha still happy with a simple life based on nature, the reindeer herd and frequent relocation.


Pascal Mannaerts is a Belgian photographer. The work took him to many places in the world for 10 years. Pascal ever learn who Qasqhai in Iran, Hamer tribe in Ethiopia or the old town of the Middle East Kurkish. Pascal latest trip brought to the nomads in Mongolia. They live by reindeer farming in northern Khovsgol Aimag, where culture is slowly dying.


Those Dukha (also called Tsaatans) living in deep forests and very distant Mongolia has for thousands of years. Their lifestyles are not changed much over time.


Every few weeks, the nomads move from pasture to another pasture, about 5-10 times per year.


They rely on the caribou herd, from butter and milk to transport. In addition, they also do the tools and fabrics for clothing.


People who do not eat meat Dukha your pet, unless it is the animals do not have the ability to walk. The animals rarely eat meat comes from the relationship between those who live Dukha and their cattle very closely, in the spirit.


Reaching people Dukha not easy for Pascal. He describes this where people are living as minorities in the “end of the world”.


It took two weeks to get to the lake Khovsgol Pascal jeep, where he could meet someone Dukha. From there, he traveled by horse to add two more days. “The road is not easy at all by horses. Initially we cross the deep forests seemed endless, and over the mountain, walking on snow-white mountain road, having both a snowstorm, though it was mid-May 6, “Pascal said.


“You can imagine how happy I am to see the reindeer herd on the horizon, the valley in front of the valley.” Pascal spent a week to live with the nomads.


He said that the existence, ideal support between people, animals and the environment is surprising. Those Dukha has a very unique way of life, just based on reindeer herd and just use the forests in which they live and hunt.


They are one of the last tribes living in this way, be seen as a culture is gradually “die”. Previously, it had hundreds of families living but today only about 40 households.


Pascal explains: “I realize this is incredible. Whatever the differentiating factors will cause them to change their lifestyle to nomadic to the city more comfortable, while the younger generation also wants to present life college, but my family wanted to stay still retain their lifestyle. ”


“We talked to Bolorma, mothers in our family with us. I asked her what made ourselves happy in life. She only answered simply that the children, her husband and cattle her. She really has changed our way of thinking. life was so simple and beautiful. ”


The nomads are very open and warm hospitality. “I must be very lucky to meeting them and trip unforgettable indeed be,” Pascal said.